TABLE 1.Relative versus Absolute Convergence in Per Capita Income: A Hypothetical Illustration
Note: The relative gap is simply the ratio of Country A's per capita income to Country B's per capita income; the absolute gap is the difference between the two values. Monetary values are rounded to their nearest dollar; ratios are rounded to the first decimal.
TABLE 2.Gerschenkronian versus Post-Gerschenkronian Approaches to Late Development
Focal time period
18th and 19th centuries
20th and 21st centuries
Peripheral Europe and Japan
Asian NICs, Brazil, India, etc.
Principal development challenge
Learning and upgrading
Chalmers Johnson, Ronald Dore
Alice Amsden, Robert Wade
TABLE 3.A Typology of Economic and Sociological Development Theories