|12/10||Tunisia||Nationwide protests following street vendor's|
self-immolation in protest of his unpermitted
fruit cart seizure.
|1/11||Tunisia||Violent protests followed by fleeing of authoritarian|
president to Saudi Arabia.
|Egypt||Tahrir Square protests demanding resignation of|
|2/11||Yemen||Mass protests against ruling president.|
|Egypt||Resignation of Mubarak; temporary transfer of|
powers to military.
|Bahrain||Mass protests followed by military crackdown by king|
with assistance from SA.
|Libya||Protests begin in Benghazi, followed by armed|
uprising against Muammar el-Qaddafi.
|3/11||Syria||Protesters call for political freedom in city of Deraa.|
Quickly spreads to other cities. Government
responds with violent crackdown.
|Libya||Western coalition intervenes in conflict, staging|
airstrikes against Qaddafi's troops, turning the
tide in favor of the protesters.
|8/11||Libya||Rebel troops enter the capital and Qaddafi goes into|
|10/11||Libya||Qaddafi found and killed by mob.|
|Tunisia||In first election since Arab Spring revolts began,|
Tunisians elect a moderate Islamist party.
|1/12||Egypt||Islamist parties win 70% of seats in first|
parliamentary election since Mubarak's ouster.
|6/12||Egypt||Mubarak tried and found guilty on charges of|
accessory to and attempted murder of 2011
protesters. Sentenced to life in prison.
|Islamic group Muslim Brotherhood candidate wins|
first democratic presidential election.
|11/12||Egypt||President issues decree giving himself broad new|
powers, including placing himself above the
authority of the courts.
|6/13||Syria||UN announces death toll in continuing conflict has|
topped 90,000 and >1 million Syrians are refugees.
Opposition forces becoming more fractured and
dominated by extremist groups, many with
connections to Al Qaeda.
|7/13||Egypt||Military coup removes president from office and|
detains him in secret location, triggering weeks of
Notes: Dark shading indicates data collection months for each sample country; lighter shading indicates months (events) preceding data collection months for each sample country. SA = Saudi Arabia. Time line events are according to the New York Times (“Timeline” 2013).