Table 2 Individual-level Measures of Developmental Idealism
  1. Social Change Causes Development*

    • Now we are going to talk about something different—what might happen to (STUDY SITE COUNTRY) if some things about (STUDY SITE COUNTRY)'s everyday life changed. For each of the following things, please tell me whether you think it would help make (STUDY SITE COUNTRY) more developed or help make (STUDY SITE COUNTRY) less developed?

      1. If restrictions on personal freedom increase? Would that help make (STUDY SITE COUNTRY) a lot more developed, a little more developed, a little less developed, or a lot less developed?

  2. Development Causes Social Change*

    • Some people think that (STUDY SITE COUNTRY) will become more developed in the future. Let's talk about what things would increase and what things would decrease if (STUDY SITE COUNTRY) became more developed. If (STUDY SITE COUNTRY) became more developed would:

      1. personal freedom increase a lot, increase a little, decrease a little, or decrease a lot?

      2. democracy increase a lot, increase a little, decrease a little, or decrease a lot?

      3. respect for human rights increase a lot, increase a little, decrease a little, or decrease a lot?

      4. equality between women and men increase a lot, increase a little, decrease a little, or decrease a lot?

      5. parents choosing who their children marry increase a lot, increase a little, decrease a little, or decrease a lot?

      6. the number of children couples have increase a lot, increase a little, decrease a little, or decrease a lot?

      7. age at marriage increase a lot, increase a little, decrease a little, or decrease a lot?

  3. What Would Help to Make the Country More Developed

    • We have been talking about making (STUDY SITE COUNTRY) more developed. Which one of these five things would help the most to make (STUDY SITE COUNTRY) more developed:

      1. More democracy

      2. More freedom of choice over one's own life

      3. More religiosity

      4. More gender equality

      5. More integrity in government officials

    • Which one would help second most to make (STUDY SITE COUNTRY) more developed?

    •  (Same choices as above)

  • * Bolded response categories are coded as developmental thinking in figures 3 and 4. Nonbolded and “Don't Know” response categories are coded as nondevelopmental thinking in figures 3 and 4.