Table 1 Percentages of PSUs with Easy Access to Infrastructure Provisioning in 34 African Countries, along with Their Colonial Origins and Sample Size as Surveyed by Afrobarometer
CountryColonial OriginSample Size% PSUs with Easy Access to:
Health ClinicElectricity GridPiped WaterSewage SystemPaved Road
AlgeriaFrench120471100 9386 82
BeninFrench120059 56 7817 41
BotswanaBritish120076 89 9036 68
Burkina FasoFrench120063 27 26 8 19
BurundiBelgian120044 23 4312 29
CameroonFrench120094 89 8667 50
Cape VerdePortuguese120834100 8734 87
Côte d'IvoireFrench120067 81 7033 39
EgyptBritish119078 99 9764 73
GhanaBritish240048 79 5246 49
GuineaFrench120063 39 8313 25
KenyaBritish239954 71 4516 22
LesothoBritish119759 49 6214 51
LiberiaNone119948 19 1110 31
MadagascarFrench120087 30 4512 25
MalawiBritish240731 37 26 4 40
MaliFrench120059 29 4913 31
MauritiusBritish12006110010031100
MoroccoFrench119676 97 7866 83
MozambiquePortuguese240072 58 27 7 19
NamibiaGermana120015 54 6135 29
NigerFrench119957 29 36 6 28
NigeriaBritish240058 90 4022 60
SenegalFrench120072 74 8223 49
Sierra LeoneBritish119076 26 2225 23
South AfricaBritish239964 95 8472 71
SudanBritish119968 80 6625 64
SwazilandBritish120052 95 5818 25
TanzaniaBritish240041 26 48 4 72
TogoFrench120067 53 5511 35
TunisiaFrench120071100 9168 79
UgandaBritish240077 41 2913 14
ZambiaBritish120061 52 4026 49
ZimbabweBritish240062 57 4234 41
  • a Since Namibia's development trajectory has largely been shaped by German colonial policy (from 1884 to 1945), which also continued under the South African administration (Kossler 2007), its colonial origin is coded here as German.