Table 2 Multilevel Logistic Regression Models Predicting Educational Outcomes in 2005 and by 2012
On Pace (2005)Graduated SecondaryAttended College
Level 3—Villages/Urban BlocksN = 2331N = 2331N = 2331
Distance to High Secondary/College km (ln)−0.16***−0.19***
(0.0)(0.04)
Urban (Rural)0.27***0.16*−0.02
(0.06)(0.08)(0.10)
Level 2—HouseholdsN = 14378N = 14378N = 14378
Social Capital: Formal Sector Contacts0.20***0.18***0.10***
(0.02)(0.02)(0.02)
# Adults0.14***0.10***0.10***
(0.02)(0.02)(0.02)
# Children−0.10***−0.05**−0.05**
(0.02)(0.02)(0.02)
# Teens−0.07**−0.04−0.05*
(0.02)(0.03)(0.03)
Consumption (ln)0.71***0.62***0.63***
(0.05)(0.04)(0.05)
Income (ln)0.03*0.07***0.05*
(0.02)(0.02)(0.02)
Nonagriculture Income (Agriculture)0.100.090.04
(0.05)(0.06)(0.06)
Caste/Religion (Forward Castes)
Other Backward Class−0.33***−0.24***−0.16*
(0.07)(0.07)(0.07)
Scheduled Caste−0.60***−0.40***−0.27***
(0.08)(0.08)(0.07)
Scheduled Tribe−0.66***−0.45***−0.09
(0.11)(0.12)(0.13)
Muslim−0.88***−0.91***−0.59***
(0.09)(0.09)(0.09)
Christian, Sikh, Jain0.060.060.16
(0.17)(0.19)(0.16)
Level 1—IndividualsN = 22825N = 22825N = 22825
On Pace in Education---2.10***1.84***
(0.06)(0.06)
Female−0.12***−0.24***−0.11*
(0.04)(0.05)(0.04)
Age−0.48***0.10***0.04*
(0.02)(0.02)(0.02)
Father Alive and Present0.17*0.160.11
(0.08)(0.08)(0.09)
Mother Alive and Present0.65***0.59***0.60***
(0.10)(0.11)(0.13)
Father Education 0–Std. 11 (Std. 12+)−0.89***−1.04***−0.79***
(0.08)(0.09)(0.08)
Mother Education 0–Std. 11 (Std. 12+)−0.72***−0.80***−0.20
(0.16)(0.19)(0.14)

Note: *p < 0.05, **p < 0.01, ***p < 0.001. Population averaged results with robust estimates are presented. State fixed effects are not presented but are included in each model. All variables are centered on the grand mean. 2005 weights are used.