TABLE 3. Summary of Results for Sigma and Beta Convergence
Graphic RepresentationChange over TimeSigma Convergence?Beta Convergence?Beta Convergence/Divergence Mechanism?
Health expenditure per capita (PPP, constant 2005 international dollars)Embedded ImagePositive, steepYesNo
Health expenditure, total (% of GDP)Embedded ImagePositive, slightYesYesInitially high spenders are reducing their spending and/or increasing their spending more slowly than low spenders.
Health expenditure, public (% of total health expenditure)Embedded ImagePositive, steepNoNo
Health expenditure, public (% of government expenditure)Embedded ImageNegative, slight UNoYesInitially high spenders are reducing their spending while low spenders are increasing or maintaining their spending.