TABLE 1.

Descriptive statistics

MeanStd. dev.Min.Max.
Dependent variables1
Self-rated health
Healthy eating days per week4.892.4207
Main independent variables
Female0.550.5001
GDP per capita (USD thousands)24.2917.951.4465.90
Health behavior and status control variables
Number of cigarettes smoked per week20.4847.620420
Former smoker0.220.4201
Alcohol consumed days per week0.461.1707
Exercise days per week2.152.4707
Has a chronic condition, long-standing illness, or disability0.310.4601
How frequently in last four weeks have you:
 Had difficulties with work or household activities because of health problems2.021.1715
 Had bodily aches and pains2.451.2215
 Felt unhappy and depressed2.101.0915
 Lost confidence in self1.811.0215
 Felt you could not overcome your problems1.861.0415
Sociodemographic control variables
Relative income0.000.74−2.13
Imputed income0.200.4001
Age in years47.6117.031599
Education in years11.804.53035
Marital status
 Married or in partnership0.5901
 Separated or divorced0.0801
 Widowed0.0801
 Never married0.2401
Occupational status
 Employed0.5501
 Unemployed0.0701
 Student0.0601
 Permanently sick or disabled0.0301
 Retired0.1801
 Other0.1101
Urban status
 Farm0.0401
 Country village0.3001
 Town / small city0.2201
 Suburbs0.1401
 Big city0.2901
Country educational attainment12.067.100.3230.04
Country energy supply adequacy131.910.4111155
Observations: 44,017

1Countries in sample: Australia, Belgium, Bulgaria, Chile, China, Croatia, Czech Republic, Denmark, Finland, France, Germany, Israel, Italy, Japan, South Korea, Lithuania, Netherlands, Norway, Philippines, Poland, Portugal, Russia, Slovak Republic, Slovenia, South Africa, Spain, Sweden, Switzerland, Turkey, Great Britain, United States.